Kamilaroi / Gamilaraay

Alternative Names

Kamilarai, Kamilari, Kamilroi, Kamilarai, Kamu-laroi, Kaamee’larrai, Kamileroi, Koomilroi, Komleroy, Gamilaroi, Gamilroi, Kahmilaharoy, Kamilary, Gumilroi, Gummilroi, Gummilray, Kimilari, Karmil, Kamil ([‘kamil] = no), Comleroy, Ghummilarai, Cammealroy, Kahmilari, Kakmilari (typographical error), Cumilri, Cam-ell-eri, Cum-milroy, Cummeroy, Gunnilaroi, K= no), Comleroy, Ghummilarai, Cammealroy, Kahml Duhai, Yauan (mystic language name), Tjake (mystic language name), Tyake.

Kamilaroi Location

Kamilaroi Region MapWalgett, N.S.W., to Nindigully, Qld.; near Talwood and Garah; at Moree, Mungindi, Mogil Mogil, Narrabri, Pilliga, Gunnedah, Bingara, Tamworth, Quirindi, Bundella, Barraba, Gwabegar, and Come-by-Chance; on headwaters of the Hunter River. The grammar and vocabulary published by Hale (1845) ostensibly of this tribe relates to the Geawegal of the lower Hunter River (which see).

Mathews (1904) with a broad-brush type of statement suggested the Kamilaroi language extended to Jerry’s Plains this including about one half of the Geawegal territory and also some Wonnarua country. In his 1917 paper he included Boggabilla, which is well within Bigambul territory, in his Kamilaroi tribe area; perhaps a slip of the pen. Color plates 5, 7 are relevant.

Co-ordinates    140°35’E x 30°15’S
Area    29,000 sq. m. (75,400 sq. km)

 

Language

Bee Native Guni
Bee Queen Guniinii
Frill Neck Lizard Balawagarr
Fish, Bream, Bony Baraa
Kingfisher Thaathiirr
Lightning Muuri
Koala Guda
Kookaburra Gugurraagaa
Leaf Buu, Garril
Mud Milimili
Pademelon Wallaby Wan.Guy
Rainbow Yuluwirri
Saltbush Nhingil
Sing, to Bawi-li
String Bag Gulay
Yellow Belly Fish Thagaay
Pelican Guliyaali
Mosquito Mungin
Moon Gilay
Blue Tongue Lizard Thalagal
Long Ago Yilambu
Light a Fire Wii-Ma-Li
Kiss,to Ngaay gaya-li
Halo around the moon GunguRima
Frog Gindjurra
Aboriginal Doctor Wrringan
Earth Thawun
Emu Thinawan
Creek Bagaay, Gaawul

References    Breton, 1833; Mitchell, 1838; (not Hale, 1845); Bunce, 1856; Ridley, 1861, 1863, 1875, 1886; Pechey, 1872; Ridley in Fison, 1874; Bridgman in Smyth, 1878; Greenway in Ridley, 1878; Fison and Howitt, 1880; Mueller, 1882; Howitt, 1884, 1885, 1902 (2 papers), 1904, 1908; Fraser, 1882, 1892; Wyndham, 1889; Bucknell, 1896, 1899; W., J. C., 1896; Mathews, 1894 (Gr. 6396), 1895 (Gr. 6475), 1896 (Gr. 6425), 1897 (Gr. 6414, 6426, 6431, 6567), 1898 (Gr. 6400, 6417, 6457, 6468, 6476), 1900 (Gr. 6524), 1902 (Gr. 6487), 1903 (Gr. 6489), 1904 (Gr. 6451), 1906 (Gr. 6542), 1907 (Gr. 6510, 6513), 1908 (Gr. 6460), 1912 (Gr. 6493), 1917 (Gr. 6438); Fawcett, 1898; Bootle, 1899; Greenway, 1901, 1902, 1909-1912; Cameron, 1902; Howitt, 1902, 1904, 1908; Vernon, 1902; Withnell, 1902; Richards, 1903; Mac-Pherson, 1904; Naseby in Howitt, 1904; Parker, 1905; Brown, 1910; Richardson, 1910; Bucknell, 1912; Radcliffe-Brown, 1930; Tindale, 1940; Elkin, 1945; Bemdt, 1947; Worms, 1950; Capell, 1956; Wurm, 1963; Tindale and George, 1971
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